Identifying “shame” indicators through verbal and non-verbal behavioural responses.

Manchester Metropolitan University


Title: Identifying “shame” indicators through verbal and non-verbal behavioural responses.

Researcher: Georgios Bouronikos

Study level: PhD

Institute: Manchester Metropolitan University

Location(s):  Dubai, UAE

Ethical approval number (EthOS):    25263


Download this Participant Information Sheet as a .pdf document

Download the Consent Form as a .pdf document

Download the Withdrawal Form as a .pdf document




Participant Information Sheet

1. Invitation to research

My name is Georgios Bouronikos. I would like to invite you to participate in a research experience that I am conducting as part of my PhD at Manchester Metropolitan University. The research is supervised by Professor Dawn Archer (Department of Languages, Information and Communications at Manchester Metropolitan University) and has been reviewed and approved by Manchester Metropolitan University’s Research Ethics and Governance Team (02.03.2021)


2. Why have I been invited?

You have been approached because you are over 21 years old and free to participate in this study.


3. Do I have to take part?

It is up to you to decide. We will describe the study and go through the information sheet, which we will give to you. We will then ask you to sign a consent form to show you agreed to take part. You are free to withdraw at any time, without giving a reason.


4. What will I be asked to do?

If you decide to participate, the researcher will ask you to attend a video recorded interview. The interview will last approximately 30 minutes each. You will sit facing the interviewer and a medical professional, and you will be asked to talk about a personal shame experience; after the end of your story, the interviewer will ask a number of questions concerning the way you felt and the criteria that you used to decide to choose this experience as a shame experience. As a participant, you will contribute to the study by sharing your thoughts about shame. The medical professional will be present in the interview in case the interview triggers difficult feelings and experiences and to provide support (during or after the interview) were this to be needed. The interviews will be transcribed and presented in the Appendix of the PhD research (following their anonymisation). You are free to withdraw at any time and without giving a reason.


5. Are there any risks if I participate?

There are no risks of physical harm associated with participation, but, because we will be discussing shame experiences, there is a risk that you may become distressed. We’ve included several provisions to support you if this does happen, such as having a trained person on site who can talk with you before you leave the study. We can also refer you to sources of support for you to access after you leave, if you wish to do so.


6. Are there any advantages if I participate?

There are no direct advantages to taking part, but your contribution will help us to understand people’s experiences of shame.


7. What will happen with the data I provide?

All collected information during this study will be kept strictly confidential. But I will have to break confidentiality if you disclose information that makes me think that you or other people are at risk of harm.

When you agree to participate in this research, we will collect from you personally identifiable information.

The Manchester Metropolitan University (‘the University’) is the Data Controller in respect of this research and any personal data that you provide as a research participant.

The University is registered with the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) and manages personal data in accordance with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the University’s Data Protection Policy.

We collect personal data as part of this research (such as name, telephone numbers or age). As a public authority acting in the public interest, we rely upon the ‘public task’ lawful basis. When we collect special category data (such as medical information or ethnicity) we rely upon the research and archiving purposes in the public interest lawful basis. 

Your rights to access, change or move your information are limited, as we need to manage your information in specific ways in order for the research to be reliable and accurate. If you withdraw from the study, we will keep the information about you that we have already obtained.

We will not share your personal data collected on the consent form with any third parties.

If your data is shared this will be under the terms of a Research Collaboration Agreement which defines use and agrees confidentiality and information security provisions. It is the University’s policy to only publish anonymised data unless you have given your explicit written consent to be identified in the research. The University never sells personal data to third parties.

We will only retain your personal data for as long as is necessary to achieve the research purpose. Your consent forms and anonymised data will be kept for up to three years after the end of the study. Once a typed record of your responses is complete, the original video will be deleted. No images from the video records will be used in the final reports. Your interview responses will be kept separately from your personal information, meaning that your responses will be totally anonymised. All physical data will be kept in locked storage, and all digital data will be kept on an encrypted hard drive that is password protected. Only the principal researcher will have access to the raw data. The research team will have access to the anonymised data.

For further information about use of your personal data and your data protection rights please see the University’s Data Protection Pages (


8. What will happen to the results of the research study?

These results will be included in my thesis and submitted for publication. They may also be reported at conferences and during training events.


9. Who has reviewed this research project?

The project has been reviewed by the academic supervisory team and the Manchester Metropolitan University’s research ethics and governance team.


10. Who do I contact if I have concerns about this study or I wish to complain?

For general queries, you can contact the researcher, Georgios Bouronikos,, 32 Rue Principale L-8814 Bigonville, Luxembourg, 00352 661 500707. You can also contact the project’s principal supervisor, Professor Dawn Archer,, 436 Geoffrey Manton Building, Manchester Campus, M15 6LL, +44 (0)161 247 3887. You can also contact the faculty ethics lead Professor Susan Baines,, 313 Geoffrey Manton Building, Manchester Campus, M15 6LL, +44 (0)161 247 2511. If you have any concerns regarding the personal data collected from you, our Data Protection Officer can be contacted using the e-mail address, by calling 0161 247 3331 or in writing to: Data Protection Officer, Legal Services, All Saints Building, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, M15 6BH. You also have a right to lodge a complaint in respect of the processing of your personal data with the Information Commissioner’s Office as the supervisory authority. Please see:






Please note: By applying, you will be added to an email database because you have registered to participate in the study, "Identifying “shame” indicators through verbal and non-verbal behavioural responses." Purposeful Innovators CIC is assisting this study through registration services only and does not have access to any data collected or used by the researcher in the study itself. Your data will be used for the sole purpose or facilitating the research interviews. You can unsubscribe at anytime but you will no longer receive information regarding the study nor the interview details like date and location. Your data will be deleted once the interviews have taken place and you will be given the option to join a separate list should you wish to participate in future research. The Manchester Metropolitan University (‘the University’) is the Data Controller in respect of the actual research and any personal data that you provide as a research participant. 

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